阿靚姐icon

阿靚姐:老姑婆OL,有大智無大志,興趣濫無樣精,不求有功但求無過,以五尺差寸半身形矯健於職場,活著就是精彩

早前炯叔叔發表了《要防止自己與仔女日日吸毒!》,溫叔叔馬上問:那些植物有沒有中文名稱,容易買到嗎?作為惜花人的阿靚姐,當然馬上跳出來班門弄斧一下,就變成了 《要防止自己與仔女日日吸毒!》解毒的解讀篇。

Plant name

Description Chemical vapor removal Light require­ment Remarks
Areca palm (butterfly palm), Dypsis lutescens

散尾葵

Clusters of erect, slender, cane-like stalks with feathery yellow-green fronds.

1 Dypsis lutescens

8

Sun to semi-sun Releases an abundant amount of moisture into the air. Fast growing.
Bamboo palm, Chamadorea elegans or C. erumpens

袖珍棷子

Clusters of small slender canes. Graceful fans with rich green color.

2 Chamadorea elegans

9

Semi-sun Releases an abundant amount of moisture into the air. Easy to care for.
Boston fern, Nephrolepis exaltata

波士頓蕨(芒)

Stiff fronds arch outwards, drooping downward as they age.

9

Semi-sun Releases an abundant amount of moisture into the air. Ideal for hanging baskets. Mist and water frequently to reduce leaf drop.
Corn plant, Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’

香龍血樹/巴西鐵樹(龍舌蘭科)

Shiny medium green leaves with a bold yellow-white stripe down the center. Develops a solid woody stem. Leaves concentrate at the top of each stem.

4 Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’

8

Semi-shade Survives in dimly lit areas. Occasionally will send up a small spray of fragrant white flowers.
Dendrobium orchid

石斛(蘭)

Has beautiful exotic blooms, usually in clusters or in a row along canes.

5 Dendrobium orchid

7

Semi-sun Flowers are long lasting.
Dracaena deremensis ‘Janet Craig’

龍血樹(龍舌蘭科)

Erect stems with a rosette of broad, smooth, glossy, darkgreen leaves 12 inches long and 2 inches wide.

6 JanetCraig

8

Semi-shade Grows quickly. Tolerates dimly lit areas, but growth will be slow.
Dracaena deremensis ‘Warneckei’

銀紋竹蕉(龍舌蘭科)

Leaves, 2 feet long and 2 inches wide, are green with white and gray-green stripes.

7 Dracaena deremensis Warneckei

6

Semi-shade Grows slowly. Tolerates low light and dry air. Retains its variegation in low light.
Dragon tree, Dracaena marginata

紅邊竹蕉(龍舌蘭科)

Smooth, gray, erect canes. Leaves, 2 feet long and 1/2 inch wide, are deep, glossy green with red edges along the margins. Leaves cluster at the end of each cane.

8 Dracaena marginata

6

Semi-sun to semi-shade Tolerates relatively low light and dry air.
Dumbcane, Dieffenbachia varieties*

萬年青

Wide, blotched green and white (cream) leaves. Unbranched stems arch downward.

9 Dumbcane

7

Semi-sun to semi-shade 丨Fast growth.
Dwarf date palm, Phoenix roebelini

軟葉剌葵(日本葵)

Stately main trunk with graceful, green fans that droop elegantly. Fronds reach 3 feet and grow horizontally.

10 Phoenix roebelini

9

Semi-sun Very slow grower. Adapts well to low light levels.
English ivy, Hedera helix*

長春藤

Vigorous climber which sends out aerial roots that attach to any surface. Dark green leaves have 3 to 5 lobes.
11 english-ivy

9

Semi-sun to semi-shade Easy to grow. Ideal for hanging baskets. Generally does not do well in high temperatures.

Ficus bennendijkii ‘Alii’

長葉榕

Slender dark green leaves.

12 Ficus bennendijkii ‘Alii’

7 Full sun and semi-sun

Easy to grow. May have some leaf drop until it adjusts to its new location.

以上植物大部份都能香港買到,唯獨是部份棕櫚科的植物體型比較大,未必適合香港寸金尺土的室內空間。

我一直本著不會「嘥米飯」養閒人的原則,種花也一樣,所以上列的植物,阿靚姐家也有好幾款,而且能吸走有害VOC的植物又不只以上12種,可以慢慢與叔叔們分享一下心得。

VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds)即揮發性有機化合物,根據WHO (世界衛生組織)的定義是熔點低於室溫而沸點在50~260℃,家居裝修俱中使用的油漆和黏合劑是室內VOC的主要來源。

who voc

不少人都知道選用低甲醛的油漆,但牆身批灰或底油,貼牆紙用的膠水,木門或傢俱木材本身就含有甲醛或其他VOC。阿靚姐一向會建議朋友,裝修後搬進去新屋前,除了找鐘點傭人作澈底清潔外,可向朋友借來風扇,多借幾台,最好一個房間1-2台,打開窗戶之外,還開大風扇吹個大半日(記得晚上關窗關風扇,保安之餘也避免半夜下雨),新傢俬進場後,時間若許可,又再吹多大半日,至少減少一下子的高濃度VOC。

已有文獻證實綠色植物一般對空氣污染之淨化是以氣態分子為主,例如吸收淨化甲醛、苯(Benzene)、甲苯 (Toluene)、二甲苯(Xylene)等等。同時亦證實植物在不照光的情形下,其淨化甲醛的能力只為照光者之3-25%,所以需要為植物提供光照,讓它一面進行光合作用放出氧,一面吸收二氧化碳及甲醛等。

另外,不少研究就各種植物吸收各種VOC的能力進行測試,香港較普遍的室內植物當中,吸收力較強的有波士頓蕨(鐵線芒)和馬拉巴栗(發財樹);次一級的有黃金葛,再次一級的是萬年青。

注:
甲醛濃度1.23±0.07ppm條件下,室溫 19~26℃。各植物置於生態箱內照光1小時後,測試其對甲醛之吸收力(最大沉降速度)
馬拉巴栗(發財樹)3.14±0.07mm/s(n=2)
波士頓蕨(鐵線芒)2.86±0.39mm/s (n=3)
黃金葛 1.92±0.14mm/s (n=3)
萬年青 1.49±0.99mm/s (n=4)

植物也是生命,不是機器,吸收污染氣體的能其實是它們自保的生存方法,換言之,植物是有選擇地吸收污染,要好好培養它們,它們健康才能繼續發揮吸毒作用。

近年不少學者提倡推動「室內生態」,即應設法在室內建構綠化地區、花圃等,令人們每日皆可與綠色植物共同生活及生存。

Stay tune,各種淨化空氣的植物將陸續登場。

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